The Canadian Rockies contain some of the most picturesque landscapes to be found on the North American continent. Glaciers, blue lakes, and alpine valleys along with bears, wolverines, moose, and rare woodland caribou can be found in this natural wonderland. It is a paradise for mountain lovers. Planning a summer adventure in the Canadian Rockies, however, can be full of deadlines and frustrations. It is a bit of an understatement to say that planning to spend time in the Canadian Rockies isn’t easy. We’ve created this Canadian Rockies guide to help fellow travelers navigate the challenges of spending time in the Canadian Rockies.
Canadian Rockies Guide
- What to Do
- Reservation Planning
- Reservation Dates
- Canadian Park Pass
- What to Bring
First, you have to figure out where you want to go. With seven National Parks and a much larger number of Provincial Parks found in the Canadian Rockies, there is no shortage of beautiful country to explore. But, you have to think about resupply (for groceries, propane, etc) and perhaps work needs (internet access). In this part of the world grocery stores aren’t always right around the corner. Power, internet, and hot showers are scarce as well. In this Canadian Rockies guide, I will show you how to plan ahead so you can spend a weekend or an entire summer exploring this amazing wonderland.
Seasons in the Canadian Rockies
If you like to downhill or cross-country ski or snowshoe then the long winter months are best for you. However, if you are looking to hike, kayak, cycle, and backpack the short summers are ideal.
Late May – Early July: Snow still covers many of the peaks and this is a great time to drive through the parks. The creeks are bursting with water and the waterfalls are in full force. Trails are still very muddy but the mosquitoes aren’t yet out in full force. Bear cubs and other baby creatures are tottering around and foraging alongside their parents.
Mid-July – Mid August: The high country trails are open and while mud and snow can still be an issue most trails have thawed and dried out. The wildflowers are in full bloom but so are the mosquitoes.
Late-August – Early September: The days become shorter and colder killing off the hordes of mosquitoes. This is a great time to do day hikes and long backpacks are also great so long as you have a warm sleeping bag, but that is really needed all summer long as it can snow at any time while exploring the Canadian Rockies.
Mid-September – Early October: The nights are cold but the larches change to a golden yellow welcoming a short autumn to the Canadian Rockies. This is a great time to be out on the trails although you will need to be prepared for the even more likely chance of cold temperatures and being snowed on.
Planning Ahead for the Canadian Rockies is a Must!
You have to plan ahead if you intend to visit the Canadian Rockies during the summer. Last-minute campsites, especially ones that have power and hot water, are nearly impossible to come by. The best of the backcountry campsites are also snatched up on the day they become available. I like to go where the seasons take me and let the weather dictate activities but the majority of the Canadian Rockies are well-known and planning ahead is an unfortunate reality to having a great vacation or a nomadic lifestyle like ours.
What to Do? Backpacking, Hiking, Cycling, and Kayaking
The first item on the list when visiting the Canadian Rockie should be recreation. This translates to backpacking, hiking, cycling, climbing, and kayaking. Which trails do we want to spend our summer days exploring? The Canadian Rockies have far too many amazing trails to choose from. Here are our favorite backpacking trails and top 40 day hikes to get you started. Make sure to pay attention to seasonal recommendations which are based on the elevation at which each trail is found. It is important to pick trails that can be hiked at the time you choose to explore the Canadian Rockies.
Once you have chosen your recreational activities, the next step in the Canadian Rockies guide is to figure out where to spend your nights or, if like us, the workdays. For some, this will mean hotel rooms in the towns of Banff, Jasper, Hinton, Golden, and Radium Hot Springs. However, for most travelers campgrounds, which the Canadians refer to as front-country camping, will be the more affordable solution. There are very few boon-docking options anywhere near the parks in the Canadian Rockies. We found a few options and we have shared those in our front-country campground post.
Everyone is going to have different expectations for a campsite. Some drive massive RVs that will be nearly impossible to find a spot for outside of a few campgrounds in Banff. Others want everything to be provided for them in the form of glamping and here too a few campsites in Banff will fulfill those expectations (called oTENTik). We have solar on our roof so we seek to stay in campgrounds that have open skies. If there is too much tree cover we need access to power. After a few days of backpacking out on the trail hot showers are also a must. We have to have cell phone reception for internet access. Wifi is usually too slow in campgrounds and also non-existent in the Canadian National Park campgrounds. A nearby laundromat, grocery store, and propane refill places are also essential needs for long term camping.
Finding front-country campsites in the Canadian Rockies that met our criteria was difficult. Cell service and even hot water are still very hard to come by in this area of the world. That being said we did find some spots although, here again, planning ahead is crucial as these spots go fast.
Canadian Campground Fire Permits
One nice thing about many of the Canadian National Parks is that for an additional fee they provide firewood. No collecting of wood is allowed inside the campgrounds. I believe many of the world’s parks should adopt this method as it keeps people from transporting wood and invasive species from park to park. That being said while an unlimited amount of firewood is provided, it is still a bit overpriced at $8.80 (CAD)/night (as of summer 2019).
Reserving Your Campsite Early
We had our entire summer of mountain exploration planned out by early January. Surprisingly, this was too late for a few desired spots and activities. Our Canadian Rockies adventure was spent in eight different parks. To a novice looking at the map, you might think that six of the parks are one giant park as they all share borders. The parks vary in their authority. Some are National Parks while others are Provincial Parks (for U.S. residences think state parks) so the governing bodies for each differ. Almost all of these parks have different dates for when reservations become available.
It is worse than that though because the backcountry sites do not become available at the same time as the front-country sites within the same park and some special areas don’t fall into either the backcountry or front-country. Trying to backpack across different parks you have to cross your fingers and hope you can get the second half of your trip after you reserve the first half. It is all very confusing and hard to navigate but this Canadian Rockies guide has the information you need to be successful.
Planning and Making Reservations Using this Canadian Rockies Guide
I will give you the 2020 dates (and continually update as dates become available) but they are only good for reference as Canada seems to move the dates yearly and COVID is changing everything. I recommend planning your summer trip in September of the previous year. This will give you time to figure out the dates that each park decides on for opening reservations. Put the dates on your calendar and make sure you are ready at the exact time (Mountain Standard Time) they become available. Many other people will be. For many of our sites in 2019, I reserved at the first moment I could and checked back later in the day and the sites were sold out.
Reservation Dates for the Canadian Rockies Guide
Here is a list of the dates in 2022 (I will update as new dates become available) and more importantly the websites for each. Many of these reservations are made through the Parks Canada Reservation Service website. I suggest creating a login prior to the day that registration opens in order to save time.
Note that if you reserve consecutive nights within the same park at the same time, even if they are at different campgrounds, then the website only charges you one reservation fee. The exception is Banff which will group the southern campgrounds or the northern campgrounds (Lake Louise Area) but not a mix of the two areas. Yet, another quirk of the Canadian Rockies system.
January 19th, 2022
Both the front-country campground (Loop Brook) and the backcountry campground (Hermit Meadows) at Glacier National Park (not to be confused with the U.S. park in Montana) become available.
Mount Revelstoke National Park’s front-country (Snowforest) and backcountry (Eva Lake & Jade Lakes) reservations become available.
January 24th, 2022 (8AM MST)
Reservable front-country camping in Kootenay National Park opens.
Yoho National Park front-country camping at Kicking Horse Campground becomes available for reservation.
January 25th, 2022 (8AM MST)
Reservable front-country camping in Waterton Lake National Park opens.
January 26th, 2022 (8AM MST)
Reservable front-country camping in Banff National Park (Including Lake Louise) opens.
January 28th, 2022(8AM MST)
Banff, Kootenay, and Yoho backcountry permits become available.
January 31st, 2022(8AM MST)
Reservable front-country camping in Jasper National Park opens.
February 2nd, 2022 (8AM MST)
Jasper backcountry permits become available.
Febuary 3rd, 2022 (8AM MST)
March 1st -30th, 2022
The lottery system for the day bus reservation system opens for Lake O’Hara day hikers.
Yet To Be Determined Reservation Dates in 2022 cause… Covid
Lake Louise Shuttle Reservations
Mount Assiniboine Provincial Park Magog and Og Campgrounds (Typically 4 Months to the Day Prior to the First Desired Night)
- This park can only be accessed on foot or by helicopter. There are no roads. If you plan to backpack in you will most likely need backcountry reservations for Banff campsites along the way.
- The helicopter flights are only on 3 days of the week so make sure if you want to get in or out this way that you plan accordingly.
- There is now a shuttle company that runs between Mt. Shark and Sunshine Village although it is almost as expensive as taking a helicopter.
- If you hike in from Banff take the Sunshine Village Gondola as it saves you hiking a lot of elevation. The Gondola runs every day throughout the summer. It is also very expensive.
90 Day Rolling Window
Alberta Provincial Parks front-country and backcountry sites are available on a 90-day rolling window reservation system. This means that 90 days prior to your preferred start date the sites become available for booking. There are a lot of provincial parks in Alberta and while some sites are reservable, many are not. The Alberta Parks website has a search feature that allows you to filter campsites (front-country) and backcountry as well as by reservable and non-reservable (first-come, first-served).
The two backcountry campgrounds found in the Bugaboo Park are both first-come, first-serve. This destination hasn’t yet risen to the need of reservations. This is mostly due to the crazy long dirt access road, the steep terrain, and the local wildlife that likes to eat the rubber off of vehicles. It still might be advisable to consider the Conrad Kain Hut (reservations available 1-year in advance), if you choose to explore the area and are concerned about making it to one of the backcountry sites before they fill up.
All the Canadian National Parks also have first-come, first-served campgrounds, but many fill-up as early as 11:00 AM each day so reservations are recommended when able.
Other Backcountry Huts:
There are backcountry huts also available in many of the parks as well. Most seem to be available 1-year in advance and require visitors to fill out a form with no guarantee of getting a reservation. Here is a resource to get started if you are interested in those.
Canadian Park Pass
Don’t forget to budget for a Canadian National Park Pass. While you can purchase day passes, if you plan on being in the parks longer than a week the most economical thing to do is to purchase an annual pass called a Discovery Pass. The Discovery Pass can be purchased at any of the Canadian National Park entrance gates.
Discovery Pass Cost (2020):
- Family/Vehicle (Up to 7-people): $139.40 CAD
- Youth (0-17): Entrance is Free
- Single Adult Pass: 69.19
What to Bring – The Canadian Rockies Guide
- A Sense of Adventure
- Summer and winter clothing (we were snowed on in mid-July and in mid-August).
- Really good boots. A lot of the trails stay very muddy throughout the entire summer season.
- Rain Gear
- Bear Spray
- Bug Spray and Bug Net
- Hiking Poles
- Warm Camping Gear
- GPS or Maps.me
- Check out our full backpacking gear list here.
Canadian Rockies Guide Conclusion
The system for spending time in the Canadian Rockies is confusing, to say the least, and frustrating and nerve-racking at times. Having to reserve parts of your adventures months apart takes a lot of forethought and precise action but it can be done. The result of this preplanning and frustration far outweighs the effort. We are left striving to remember all the details because they melt away when the adventure is this beautiful and epic. Luckily, I keep notes along the way otherwise this Canadian Rockies guide might not have been possible 🙂
Have you spent any time in the Canadian Rockies? Did I get something wrong or has something changed? If so please let us know by dropping a comment below. I want to keep this information as accurate as possible to help guide future travelers, including myself as we will be back.