Guide to Mesa Verde National Park

Balcony House at Mesa Verde
A view of the cliff dwelling known as Balcony House.

I found Mesa Verde National Park, located in the remote southwestern corner of Colorado, to be utterly fascinating, uniquely beautiful, and extremely informative! This park was the first to set aside and protect the land for the preservation of human history. The park is essentially a massive museum frozen in time to give modern travelers a chance and visiting the world of the ancient Pueblo people. While it is an amazing place, the park is perhaps the most confusing in the entire National Park system to figure out how to navigate before you arrive. This confusion can easily continue throughout your visit. However, you need not worry as you have this guide to Mesa Verde National Park to illuminate your options.

Guide to Mesa Verde

Guide to Mesa Verde
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Tour Company Option

There are tour companies not associated with Mesa Verde that will take care of the details, show you around, and inform you about the history of this amazing manmade wonder, but they won’t show you everything. In fact, I wouldn’t say they show you a whole lot. For what they are, these companies seem to do a fairly good job. They hire locals to really give you a sense of the culture that permeates the four corners area of the United States.

The Negative of a Tour Company

However, if you are like me and you like to visit a place and take it in at your own pace, rather than being shuttled along on a massive tour bus, then this really isn’t going to be your speed. Plus, many of the tours (locations) within the tour are not done by the tour company but are really given by the Mesa Verde park rangers who cover the history. The tour company’s information can be redundant. This is especially true if you are the type of person who likes to read the signs posted at the sites. I found that the tour company just regurgitated the information found on these signs.

History of the Cliff Dwellings

The Cliff Palace
A view of the Cliff Palace from the overlook.

The “cliff dwellings” were constructed by the ancient Pueblo Indians (Local Native American Tribe). No one knows for certain why they chose to construct their homes in the cliffs. They didn’t carve their homes into the cliffs but rather took advantage of the natural erosion that created nooks in the landscape and built from there. Within the Mesa Verde’s park boundary there are many other examples of Pueblo ruins located on top of the mesas as well. Most of these are older than the cliff dwellings and the ones that are open to the public can be explored without a tour.

Mesa Verde National Park is massive, but the majority of the cliff dwellings that can be explored are clustered together in two sections of the park known as the Chapin Mesa and the Wetherill Mesa. They are as far away from the entrance and the visitor center as you can get. It is about an hour’s drive to either from the entrance and they are a 45-minute drive apart. This is important for acquiring the “tickets” to see these sites because if you aren’t careful you can find yourself driving the hour-long drive from the gate to the back of the park where these ruins are located, only to have to turn around and drive another 45 minutes back to the nearest place that you can actually acquire a ticket.

Guide to Mesa Verde’s Archeological Sites

Nordenskiold Site No. 16
Nordenskiold Site No. 16 hidden in the cliffs on the Wetherill Mesa.

According to the National Parks Service, there are over 4,700 archeological sites in the park. Below are the few that are open to the public for exploration on your own or with a required guide. There are many others that can be seen from the cliffs, but not explored (with or without a guide). Hiking to any of the cliff dwellings in Mesa Verde has some level of difficulty including uneven terrain and climbing ladders. Check the park’s website for what to expect on each.

Cliff Dwellings

Palace in the Cliff
Mesa Verde’s most famous ruin is the Cliff Palace.
  • Chapin Mesa Location:
    • Balcony House – Ticket Required
    • Cliff Palace – Ticket Required
    • Spruce Tree House: Explore on your own, but temporarily closed due to rock slide concerns.
    • Oak Tree – Ticket Required
  •  Wetherill Mesa Location:
    • Long House – Ticket Required
    • Step House – Explore on your own
  • Backcountry Locations:
    • Mug House – Ticket Required
    • Square Tower House – Ticket Required
    • Spring House – Ticket Required

Mesa Top Dwellings

Far View Sites Complex
The ruins of the Far View Sites complex.

Chapin Mesa Location:

  • Sun Temple: Explore on your own
  • Far View Sites Complex: Explore on your own
  • Cedar Tree Tower: Explore on your own

Wetherill Mesa Location:

  • Badger House Community: Explore on your own

The Best Time to Visit Mesa Verde

A broken tree with the snowcapped Mesa Mountains
A view of snow on the surrounding peaks of Mesa Verde in the late Spring.

Unfortunately Mid-May to Mid-October is the only time you can tour everything. It is also a high desert and most of this time tends to be a bit hot. This guide to Mesa Verde suggests planning a visit May to early June or September thru Mid-October. While most visitors to the National Park visit for less than a day we recommend two days. This will allow you to see most of what the park has to offer including the dark night sky.

Cliff Dwelling Tickets

Square Tower House
Square Tower House as seen from the short overlook trail.

The National Parks Service has taken on the challenge of preserving these amazing sites, while still giving access to the public. This is why, with the exception of the “Step House,” you must acquire a ticket to go on a ranger-guided tour if you wish to actually walk through the cliff dwellings and not just see them from the overlooks. The tickets are very reasonable priced. I personally appreciate this approach as far too many places have been vandalized by the degenerates of our populace and places like this deserve to be well protected for future generations.

Mesa Mountains
The Mesa Mountain Range.

Getting the actual tickets for these tours was the most confusing, challenging, and downright frustrating part of our visit. Luckily, the parks service has upgraded the system and you can now reserve your tour through well in advance. The park also reserves a portion of the tickets for first-come, first-served day-of visitors. The number of people the park allows on each tour and the number of tours they give each day is limited, although they do try to provide tours throughout the day by running them back to back at the most popular sites. These sites are also open seasonally, usually mid-May to mid-October, so don’t try to go in the middle of winter. Click here for the exact seasonal hours.

Where to Get the Tickets

Statue of a Mesa Verde Cliff Dweller
An artistic sculpture of a cliff dweller found at the Mesa Verde Visitor Center.

After you reserve your ticket you will need to pick up the physical copy before arriving at the site. The tickets can be gathered up to a week in advance but no later than 2 hours prior to your tour time. Keep in mind that many of the tour sites are far removed from the locations you are able to pick up your tickets. The park will only issue tickets to people who are there in person to pick them up. In other words don’t leave anyone at the campsite, because everyone has to be present to get a ticket (This may change due to Covid). Again they do have limited numbers, so for this guide to Mesa Verde, I recommend reserving them months in advance.

Choosing a Time

You will need to know what time you want the tickets for and keep in mind the distance between the locations if you wish to do multiple tours on the same day. For instance, it is about a 45-minute drive from the Chapin Mesa where Balcony House and Cliff Palace are located to the Wetherill Mesa area with Long House.

Ticket Counter Hours

Far View Kiva at Mesa Verde
A Pueblo Kiva, used for religious rituals and community meetings.

Also, keep in mind the operating hours of each of the “ticket pickup” locations. Plan to roll into the park at 9 PM and grab your tickets on your way to the campsite? Not going to happen. All of the ticket sales locations are shut down by 8:30 PM. Each location actually closes at different times. Click here for those seasonal hours.


The Sun Temple at Mesa Verde
A window into the Sun Temple.

For this guide to Mesa Verde, I highly recommend the Morefield Campground located in the middle of Mesa Verde National Park. This campground is best situated for exploring the park and you can get your tour tickets at the ranger station located adjacent to the campground. There are perhaps cheaper camping options outside of the park or hotels in Cortez, Colorado, but these options would add at least an extra hour of driving to your day. By the way, the Morefield Campground is massive. Seriously, I was told that the campground when full is the second largest “town” in the county. Even at this size, the campground fills up quickly, so it is best to plan ahead and have a reservation before you arrive.


The closest town to Mesa Verde National Park is Cortez, Colorado. The town has several grocery stores where you can get food and other supplies for exploring the park. If you are looking for a great restaurant while in town look no further than Gustavo’s Mexican Restaurant. This place is tasty so enjoy some great local fare on your way into or out of the park. While you are in the park it will be camp food.

Tips for Visiting Mesa Verde

Wild Horse
A wild horse at Mesa Verde National Park.
  • Carry lots of water.
  • Keep your eyes open for wildlife! We saw snakes, birds of prey, deer, horses, and coyotes.
  • Go hiking! This landscape is awesome so while the ruins are the highlight get out on a trail and do some hiking. I recommend the 2.4-mile Petroglyph Point Loop Trail.
  • Have a blast, as this is one of the most unique places on the planet.  

Guide to Mesa Verde National Park

Petroglyphs at Mesa Verde
Ancient Pueblo petroglyphs found on the Petroglyph Point Loop inside Mesa Verde National Park.

Mesa Verde National Park is unique in the United States as being the first park strictly dedicated to preserving our human history. The nooks and crannies of this desert landscape have preserved the ancient Pueblo people’s homes and reveal their way of life for visitors who venture to this place. North America has very few historic places that predate the discovery of Western explorers making Mesa Verde that much more special. This is a place that should be seen and explored by everyone and we hope this guide to Mesa Verde helps you do that.

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